“I strongly advocate for a zero impunity approach by Member States,” the UN Police Adviser, Ann-Marie Orler, told a news conference at UN Headquarters. “We need also to do our utmost to prevent sexual exploitation.”
The UN, with the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) in the lead role, has in recent years taken several measures to deal with such abuses by its personnel which includes police officers. These measures include the introduction of conduct and discipline units in each peacekeeping operation, curfews, placing areas out-of-bounds, rigorous investigations of alleged perpetrators, and their repatriation and punishment by their own countries.
Ms. Orler noted that although abuses have diminished, the fact that a small number have been reported over the last few months means that more must be done to tackle the problem.
“As law enforcement officers, we are expected to be part of the solution, not part of the problem,” she said. “We have a duty of care and protection of civilians as UN peacekeepers.”
In September 2011, four Uruguayan peacekeepers serving with the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) were sent home to be investigated for the alleged sexual assault of an 18-year-old Haitian man. Also in Haiti, three Pakistani UN peacekeepers were repatriated last week following a Pakistani military hearing on the sexual abuse of a 14-year-old Haitian male.
Besides any disciplinary action which is taken by the police-contributing country, any UN police officer against whom allegations of serious misconduct are substantiated is immediately repatriated from the mission, Ms. Orler noted. The investigation file is transmitted to the Member State for action and DPKO follows up any action taken by the Member State, and any officer repatriated on disciplinary grounds is barred from consideration from future service.
In addition to the steps the UN has taken to prevent such abuses, the Police Adviser encouraged UN police commissioners to undertake unannounced visits where police officers live and “make sure they know their officers,” adding that they are responsible for ensuring that officers are not involved in any kind of activity that would jeopardize the UN’s presence and the good work being done.
“The United Nations has zero tolerance towards any kind of sexual exploitation. Now is the time to move to zero occurrence,” stressed Ms. Orler.