Policing - Modularised Guidance Packages
APPLICATION PROCEDURES FOR NON-CONTRACTED POSITIONS IN THE SPECIALIZED POLICE TEAMS WITHIN THE UNITED NATIONS POLICE COMPONENTS IN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS OR SPECIAL POLITICAL MISSIONS REQUIRING OFFICIAL SECONDMENT FROM NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS OF UN MEMBER STATES
Assessment for Mission Service of Individual Police Officers
La Boîte à outils de la police des Nations Unies pour l’égalité des genres: les meilleures pratiques normalisées sur l'intégration des perspectives de genredans le maintien de la paix sontune feuille de route pour la mise en œuvred'activités liées au genre dans les activités de police mandatées par les Nations Unies (ONU). Traitant des considérations liées aux perspectives de genreau sein des conflits et des environnements post-conflit, ces outils visent à aider la police des Nations Unies(UNPOL)à appliquer une méthodologie normalisée et une approche cohérente au sein des opérations de paix.
The United Nations Police Gender Toolkit: Standardised Best Practices on Gender Mainstreaming in Peacekeeping is a blueprint for the implementation of gender-related activities in policing mandates. Addressing gender-related concerns within conflict and post-conflict environments, it focuses on helping United Nations Police (UNPOL) officers to apply a standardised methodology and coherent approach across peace operations. In three modules, it covers lessons on how to apply gender concepts to policing; how to develop a police gender strategy and action plan; how to assist the host State police in developing and implementing a gender equality policy and recruiting female police officers; and how to establish special police units to address sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). As a training package, it consists of materials for both a self-paced e-learning and in-person course with a training curriculum, a handbook and a compendium of project tools. It offers a range of standardised processes, model policies, procedures and strategies, templates, checklists and sample questionnaires to guide implementation in the field mission. The tools have been developed from proven good practice from police services worldwide.
Ce document résume les facteurs que les institutions policières doivent prendre en compte lors de la planification de la réponse à la pandémie Covid-19.1 Il a vocation à être générique et adaptable à différents contextes à travers le monde.
Guidance Note on Police Planning during the Covid-19 Pandemic provides a synopsis of the factors that a police agency must consider when writing plans to address operations during the COVID-19 pandemic. This document is meant to be generic and relevant to different contexts and countries around the world.
The purpose of this document is to outline procedures to be followed by the United Nations Police (UNPOL) personnel in their daily operations either during or in anticipation of the COVID 19 pandemic.
Annex 1 – Procedures in preventing exposure
Annex 2 – Procedures to observe with visitors to UNPOL installations
Annex 3 - COVID-19 Exposure Report Form
Annex 4 - COVID-19 Crime Threats
The UN Police Manual on Community-Oriented Policing in United Nations Peace Operations spells out the fundamental principles, concept and approach to community-oriented policing for United Nations police. The Manual is designed to assist police components in the fulfilment of their mandated community-oriented policing role principally in providing operational and capacity-building support to host-State police and other law enforcement agencies, as well as whenever UNPOL is mandated to undertake interim policing and other law enforcement duties.
The guidelines on the role of United Nations police in protection of civilians are designed to assist United Nations (UN) police in effectively implementing protection of civilians (POC) mandates in peace operations as a critical element in the comprehensive, whole of mission approach to POC and the wider UN system’s approach to protection.
The Manual on Police Monitoring, Mentoring and Advising in Peace Operations provides practical advice for United Nations police on what to monitor in the host-State police, what areas of police activity to pay special attention to and how to effectively turn monitoring results into programmatic activities/ targeted United Nations responses/interventions. The advising and mentoring parts of the manual describe how these activities can be performed on the basis of latest advances in peer-to-peer learning and adult education practices with a particular emphasis on the global knowledge transfer and on-the-job training ‘know-how’ in the police and other law enforcement agencies.
UN police in field missions have identified operational planning for UN police components (hereinafter referred to as “Mission-based police planning”) as an area that needs key guidance. The work conducted at the Headquarters and in-mission planning processes, including the development and review of the concept of operations, need to address issues in a consistent manner. The Policy on Integrated Assessment and Planning (IAP) adopted in April 2013 applies to UN-wide planning processes; however, it does not specifically address the planning processes and requirements in terms of component-specific strategies. The Policy Committee of the Secretary-General has asked the lead Departments (and its components) to address the challenges identified in the area of planning through Department-level policies and component-level guidance. Further, the DPKO/DFS Policy on United Nations Police in Peacekeeping Operations and Special Political Missions reiterates the need, among others; of defining the core functions and fundamental principles that shall serve to guide, UN police planning (and deployment) processes and inform other mission components as to how United Nations police are to approach the implementation of their mandated tasks.
The policy on Formed Police Units in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations policy defines the conditions of deployment, the role and composition of Formed Police Units (FPUs) deployed in United Nations peacekeeping operations. It directs the conduct of FPUs in the field, providing a clear delineation of the tasks, the appropriate use of force and the values that underlie the United Nations approach. Clearer guidelines, codes of conduct and command and control arrangements will facilitate the efforts of the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations and Department of Field Support to ensure FPU members are fully prepared for their deployments; are fully trained and evaluated prior to and once they are in mission; and are held accountable for their actions in international service, including in the most serious cases of misconduct related to the use of force or sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA).
The Guidelines on Police Administration form the fourth and final pillar of the SGF, but this area may be the most critical for success. Police administration is the backbone of UN policing. Many UNPOL come to peacekeeping missions with extensive experience in capacity-building, or operations, or command in their home countries. But performing administrative functions within the unique environment of a UN police component may be the most challenging to comprehend. Yet, without efficient and effective systems to process payroll, manage vehicles, promote staff welfare, assess performance or ensure appropriate conduct, peacekeepers cannot perform any of their mandated tasks.
The workshop for the development of these Guidelines took place in Brindisi, Italy, at the base of the Standing Police Capacity from 19-21 July 2016. Organised by the United Nations in cooperation with the Government of Italy and the Center of Excellence for Stability Police Units (CoESPU), the event brought together 45 participants from 32 Member States, regional and international partners, think tanks and government agencies, as well as senior administrative officers from six UN missions.
The Guidelines are considered a kind of ‘handbook’ on police administration within a United Nations context. They provide Heads of Police Components (HOPCs), Police Chiefs of Staff (Police COS) and other senior staff with a clearer understanding of what police administration entails and how it fits within the everyday functioning of a United Nations field mission. The Guidelines empower police personnel serving in the component’s Administration Pillar to create and sustain an enabling environment for the conduct of a police component’s mandate-related activities. With a view to harmonizing police practice across field missions, the Guidelines provide direction on broader administration-related matters, including the general structure of a police component, the development of its strategic plans, and coordination with the chiefs of other component pillars and police planning personnel.
The Guidelines include principles for any UN police commander tasked to lead officers from different countries with very different policing styles and provide guidance for the unique challenges this operating environment presents in the context of collaborating with the host-State police service and other elements of the operation.
To develop the guidelines, almost 100 experts from Member States, think tanks and partner organizations including the African Union, joined current and former UN police commissioners in Pretoria, South Africa in October 2014 to discuss various aspects of police command. The workshop was organised by the United Nations together with the Institute for Security Studies in Pretoria, the Swedish National Police and the support of the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The guidelines complement the existing DPKO-DFS Policy on Authority, Command and Control in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (2008) with more detail for police commanders. They address managing human resources; capacity-building for transferring policing and law enforcement responsibilities to the host-State police; the zero-tolerance policy to sexual exploitation and abuse; human rights protection and employing intelligence-led policing strategies. The guidelines also include approaches on working with community members, including women, as full partners in policing activities; and facilitating the full participation of women and girls in decision-making, planning, implementation and oversight.
The aim of the Guidelines is to outline specific roles and responsibilities of United Nations police components – from the tactical-level police officer to the Police Commissioner – so each can conduct their work more effectively.
The United Nations police are frequently tasked with an operational support role to the host-State police service and other law enforcement in addressing threats such as serious and organised crime, terrorism and corruption. In some cases, however, the United Nations police are also authorised to assume partial or full executive policing responsibility, such as conducting investigations, special operations and maintaining public order while the host-State police and other law enforcement agencies regain functional self-sufficiency.
By defining a standardised set of principles and concepts the Guidelines on Police Operations assist mission planning and operations for United Nations police operations amid an expanding portfolio of tasks. The guidelines also detail the linkages with other mission components, as well as informing host-state police with a clear overview about how the United Nations police implements mission mandates.
The thematic consultation for the development of these Guidelines took place in Langfang, China, in June 2014. Organised by the United Nations and the Ministry of Public Security of the People’s Republic of China, the event brought together experts from Member States, regional and subregional organisations as well as academia and think tanks.
The document includes guidance on conducting investigations, using criminal intelligence, or supporting the host-State police and other law enforcement in the conduct of these roles and responsibilities. The guidelines outline procedures for special operations and ensuring public safety, based on United Nations policing strategies that are oriented towards serving the community. As United Nations police peacekeeping differs fundamentally from domestic policing, the guidelines offer access to the approaches, concepts and principles for how United Nations police conducts operations.
Reforming, restructuring and rebuilding police and other law enforcement institutions in post-conflict and fragile states goes to the core of United Nations policing, which is why the development of Guidelines on Police Capacity-Building and Development was a top priority for the Police Division. Since 2003, almost all new peacekeeping mission mandates have included police capacity-building and development.
To develop the Guidelines, the United Nations, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs and the Challenges Forum co-organised a thematic consultation in Oslo, Norway, in March 2014 which brought together more than 100 experts from Member States, regional and subregional organisations, academia and think tanks to discuss what police capacity-building and development entails.
The Guidelines emphasise that police capacity-building and development is a long-term effort that must reach all levels of an institution, from individual police personnel, to groups or units of individuals within an organisation and whole institutions. For each level, the Guidelines refine the five key areas of support around which police capacity-building and development activities—including the provision of material support; training initiatives; monitoring, advising and mentoring; and the strengthening of accountability and oversight—should be based. They will enable the United Nations police to better design, implement, monitor and evaluate police capacity-building and development projects and programmes. In practice, the Guidelines will help police components determine which capacity-building and development activities, areas and training objectives to prioritise.
UN Police contribute to sustainable peace through effective and efficient delivery on police-related mandates. The "UN Police Towards 2020: Serve and Protect to Build Peace and Security" vision and multi-year strategy, adopted in 2014 defines four strategic priorities that will guide the work of the United Nations police over the next four years (2014-2017), as international police peacekeeping continually evolves to meet new needs.
These priorities are to:
The first output of the Strategic Guidance Framework for International Police Peacekeeping (SGF), the DPKO/DFS Policy on United Nations Police in Peacekeeping Operations and Special Political Missions, went into effect in February 2014.
The United Nations policy on Human Rights Screening of United Nations Personnel (11 December 2012) outlines the principles and methodology by which the United Nations will pursue human rights screening of personnel. It outlines processes by which (i) Member States who nominate or provide personnel to serve with the United Nations are requested to screen their personnel and to certify that they have not committed, or are alleged to have committed criminal offences and/or violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law; (ii) individuals who seek to serve with the United Nations are requested to attest that they have not committed, or are alleged to have committed, criminal offences and/or violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law and, where necessary, to provide relevant information; and (iii) the United Nations Secretariat will establish an information exchange mechanism, such as a focal point network, and procedures to support the exchange of information on prior human rights conduct of candidates/nominees for the purpose of screening.
Planning Toolkit , intended to help field practitioners in conducting assessments and planning of DPKO-led operations. It provides guidance, templates, checklists and lists of examples of good practices to help develop a wide variety of plans — ranging from a UN-wide Integrated Strategic Framework to the mission results-based budgeting and planning.
The Secretary-General’s bulletin on the Organization of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (ST/SGB/2010/1, 2010) promulgates the functions and organizational structure of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, which includes the Police Division.
The Policy on Authority, Command and Control in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (2008.4) clarifies the authority and command and control arrangements for the uniformed components of United Nations peacekeeping operations. The policy also provides important information regarding the relevant civilian and other managerial structures and their relationship to the uniformed components so as to enable more effective integration of the mission effort in multidimensional peacekeeping operations.
This document sets out the guiding principles and core objectives of UN Peacekeeping operations, as well the main factors contributing to their success in the field. It also provides a basis for the development of training materials for military, police and civilian personnel preparing to serve in the field. The document draws on the contemporary peacekeeping practices; seminal documents such as An Agenda for Peace [A/47/277 - S/24111], Supplement to an Agenda for Peace [A/50/60 - S/1995/1] and the Brahimi report [A/55/305 – S/2000/809]; as well as internal lessons learned materials, external research and academic commentary.